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# Easy standard deviation formula

### How to Find Standard Deviation: Simple 6-Step Formula

1. Standard Deviation Formula: How to Find Standard Deviation (Population) Here's how you can find population standard deviation by hand: Calculate the mean (average) of each data set. Subtract the deviance of each piece of data by subtracting the mean from each number. Square each deviation. Add all the squared deviations
2. Standard Deviation Formulas. Deviation just means how far from the normal. Standard Deviation. The Standard Deviation is a measure of how spread out numbers are.. You might like to read this simpler page on Standard Deviation first.. But here we explain the formulas.. The symbol for Standard Deviation is σ (the Greek letter sigma)
3. Standard deviation is a mathematical term and most students find the formula complicated therefore today we are here going to give you stepwise guide of how to calculate the standard deviation and other factors related to standard deviation in this article
4. Since we had to square all the values to avoid getting zero, we need to take the square root of 27 to get the standard deviation. SD = = 5.19 or 5.20. Standard Deviation formula. To find the formula for standard deviation, we just need to generalize what we did above. Here are the steps. Step #1: Find the mean or Step #2

What is Standard Deviation Formula? Standard Deviation (SD) is a popular statistical tool that is represented by the Greek letter 'σ' and is used to measure the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of data values relative to its mean (average), thus interpret the reliability of the data Simple Example of Calculating Standard Deviation. Let's say we wanted to calculate the standard deviation for the amounts of gold coins pirates on a pirate ship have. There are 100 pirates on the ship. In statistical terms this means we have a population of 100 Standard deviation may serve as a measure of uncertainty. In science, for example, the standard deviation of a group of repeated measurements helps scientists know how sure they are of the average number. When deciding whether measurements from an experiment agree with a prediction, the standard deviation of those measurements is very important

In statistics, the standard deviation is a measure of the amount of variation or dispersion of a set of values. A low standard deviation indicates that the values tend to be close to the mean (also called the expected value) of the set, while a high standard deviation indicates that the values are spread out over a wider range.. Standard deviation may be abbreviated SD, and is most commonly. Standard deviation formula is used to find the values of a particular data that is dispersed. In simple words, the standard deviation is defined as the deviation of the values or data from an average mean. Lower standard deviation concludes that the values are very close to their average What is Standard Deviation? Standard deviation is a number that tells you how far numbers are from their mean. 1. For example, the numbers below have a mean (average) of 10. Explanation: the numbers are all the same which means there's no variation. As a result, the numbers have a standard deviation of zero. The STDEV function is an old function

### Standard Deviation Formulas - MAT

Standard deviation (σ) is the measure of spread of numbers from the mean value in a given set of data. Sample SD formula is S = √∑ (X - M) 2 / n - 1. Population SD formula is S = √∑ (X - M) 2 / n. Mean(M) can be calculated by adding the X values divide by the Number of values (N) The formula for the Standard Deviation is square root of the Variance. Here is a free online arithmetic standard deviation calculator to help you solve your statistical questions. This can also be used as a measure of variability or volatility for the given set of data

Measures of spread: range, variance & standard deviation. Variance of a population. Population standard deviation. The idea of spread and standard deviation. Calculating standard deviation step by step. This is the currently selected item. Statistics: Alternate variance formulas Follow these five steps to calculate standard deviation. Also includes the standard deviation formula.Here's the video transcript:How to Calculate Standard Dev.. Standard deviation is a statistical operation that has wide applications, but for our purposes we're discussing it as it relates to the Six Sigma program.. As a reference, below is the standard deviation formula, along with a key and the appropriate order of operations Standard Deviation and Variance. Deviation just means how far from the normal. Standard Deviation. The Standard Deviation is a measure of how spread out numbers are. Its symbol is σ (the greek letter sigma) The formula is easy: it is the square root of the Variance. So now you ask, What is the Variance? Variance. The Variance is defined as The population standard deviation is the square root of the variance. Use a calculator to obtain this number.(9.368) 1/2 = 3.061 The population standard deviation is 3.061 Compare this with the variance and population standard deviation for the same data

### Standard Deviation Formula

1. / Standard Deviation Formula / 3 Easy Ways To Solve (Calculate) Variance. 3 Easy Ways To Solve (Calculate) Variance. December 12, 2019 by self Leave a Comment. Variance is a very popular measure in the field of statistics, which is considered to be a very significant measure and comes at the advanced level of statistics
2. Excel formulas for standard deviation of population =STDEV.P(number1, [number2],) This formula ignores non-numeric data. If your data has blank cells, text data, or logical values TRUE or FALSE, this formula will exclude them from the calculation
3. The steps below break down the formula for a standard deviation into a process. If you're ever asked to do a problem like this on a test, know that sometimes it's easier to remember a step-by-step process rather than memorizing a formula

Population Standard Deviation = use N in the Variance denominator if you have the full data set. The reason 1 is subtracted from standard variance measures in the earlier formula is to widen the range to correct for the fact you are using only an incomplete sample of a broader data set The standard deviation s (V ) calculated using the formula 3.3 is the standard deviation of an individual pipetting result (value). When the mean value is calculated from a set of individual values which are randomly distributed then the mean value will also be a random quantity The Square root of the result is the standard deviation: A square root is the number multiplied by itself to get 698.18 which is 26.4, so 26.4 is the standard deviation. Step-By-Step Example Using Excel. Now I will show you how to calculate the standard deviation using Excel

The formula for the sample standard deviation (s) iswhere x i is each value is the data set, x-bar is the mean, and n is the number of values in the data set. To calculate s, do the following steps:. Calculate the average of the numbers, Subtract the mean from each number (x Java code To Calculate Standard Deviation - In this article, we will brief in on all the possible ways to calculate standard deviation in Java Programming. Suitable examples and sample programs have been included in order to make you understand simply. The compiler has also been added so that you can execute the programs yourself.. To calculate standard deviation, start by calculating the mean, or average, of your data set. Then, subtract the mean from all of the numbers in your data set, and square each of the differences. Next, add all the squared numbers together, and divide the sum by n minus 1, where n equals how many numbers are in your data set These two standard deviations - sample and population standard deviations - are calculated differently. In statistics, we are usually presented with having to calculate sample standard deviations, and so this is what this article will focus on, although the formula for a population standard deviation will also be shown

### Standard Deviation - Statistics Made Easy

How to calculate standard deviation. Standard deviation is rarely calculated by hand. It can, however, be done using the formula below, where x represents a value in a data set, μ represents the mean of the data set and N represents the number of values in the data set. The steps in calculating the standard deviation are as follows: For each. Vice versa, variance is standard deviation squared. To calculate standard deviation from variance, only take the square root. In our example, the variance was 200, therefore standard deviation is 14.14. For calculating standard deviation of a data set, first calculate the variance and then find the square root The standard deviation of a population is the square root of the population variance. The symbol for the population standard deviation is Σ (sigma). Its formula is. For this 5-score population of measurements (in inches): 50, 47, 52, 46, using R to compute the standard deviation is easy: You use the sd() function

Standard deviation is a statistic parameter that helps to estimate the dispersion of data series.It's usually calculated in two passes: first, you find a mean, and second, you calculate a square deviation of values from the mean I'm trying to wrap my head around the concept of Standard Deviation. I'm not exactly a math person, so a lot of the explanations that I've been reading have gone right over my head. Can any one out there give me a quick, easy and concise explanation of what Standard Dev is and how I can explain it to other, non-math, non-technical people? Thanks Standard Deviation shows the Variation from the Mean. A low Standard Deviation indicates that the observations (series of numbers) are very close to the Mean. A high standard deviation indicates that the observations (series of numbers) are spread out over a large range. For example, mean of both the series is 6. Series A: (5, 6, 7) Series B. The formula I was more accustomed to makes it clear that standard deviation measures the differences between datapoints and the mean, and then sums up the squares of those differences. That is to say, it gives a measure of how different the datapoints are from the average

### Standard Deviation Formula Step by Step Calculatio

1. Standard deviation tells you how spread out your set of values is compared with the average (of your set of values).For example, if you have the heights of all the players in a soccer football.
2. s = Standard Deviation of the Sample; n = Sample Size; In case statistics of two samples are to be compared, then a two-sample t-test is to be used and its formula is expressed using respective sample means, sample standard deviations, and sample sizes. Mathematically, it is represented as
3. Easy to use standard deviation calculator with formula, examples, explanation and other related information. Our site is for students, business professionals, or personal use. Input is always welcome (no pun intended!), contact us and we will review your suggestions
4. This Standard Deviation Calculator and easy to follow solution can find the standard deviation and variance for any data set and shows how find it yourself. There are two versions of the variance and standard deviation formulas, the standard and computational formulas

### Simple Example of Calculating Standard Deviation

What is Standard Deviation? - Simplified. January 20, 2011, Jodel X, Leave a comment. What is Standard Deviation? - Simplified. Standard deviation is simply defined as a measure of statistical dispersion. In simpler terms, standard deviation is a way to describe how a set of values spread out around the mean or midpoint of that same set The standard deviation formula that you will use to find the standard deviation is shown below. As you can see, x represents a set of numbers. For example, x could be {5, 6, 14, 1, 6, 10}. The mean is the average of the set of numbers Standard Deviation. To calculate the standard deviation, use the STEDV function. Note: standard deviation is a number that tells you how far numbers are from their mean. Learn more about this topic on our page about standard deviation. Min. To find the minimum value, use the MIN function. Max. To find the maximum value, use the MAX function. Larg Standard Deviation formula can be used from Insert Function which is situated beside the formula bar by clicking on the fx icon. Standard Deviation Formula in Excel - Example #1 We have sample sales data of a product, where we observed the huge deviation in the sale for 10 days The steps to calculate mean & standard deviation are: 1) Process the data. For ungrouped data, sort and tabulate the data in a table. For grouped data, obtain the mid-value of each intervals. 2) Calculate mean by formula. 3) Calculate standard deviation in two step To calculate the standard deviation of a data set, you can use the STEDV.S or STEDV.P function, depending on whether the data set is a sample, or represents the entire population. In the example shown, the formulas in F6 and F7 are: = STDEV.P (C5:C14) // F6 = STDEV.S (C5:C14) // F

Using standard deviation. Standard deviation is used to strategize investing and trading, because it can help you measure market volatility. Analysts, portfolio managers, and advisors use standard deviation as a fundamental risk measure. Investment firms will even report the standard deviation of their mutual funds. The statistics are typically. Standard Deviation Formula: Sample Standard Deviation and Population Standard Deviation. While variance is a common measure of data dispersion, in most cases the figure you will obtain is pretty large. Moreover, it is hard to compare because the unit of measurement is squared How to Calculate Mean and Standard Deviation in Excel . I said earlier that the standard deviation functions use the formula below: In this section I will demonstrate how to compute standard deviation from the mean (Average) of a sample data using the formula shown above. This section will reference the worksheet shown below

We will use the standard deviation formula in Excel to make this process easy. Standard deviation is the degree to which the prices vary from their average over the given period of time The formula to calculate the standard deviation is: If 36% of the variation is due to IQ and 64% is due to hours studied, that's easy to understand. But if we use the standard deviations of 6 and 8, that's much less intuitive and doesn't make much sense in the context of the problem To get the standard deviation, just take the square root of the variance. By the same token, to get the variance, just raise the standard deviation to the power of 2. Let s represent the sample standard deviation, then s² is the sample variance. Let σ represent the population standard deviation, then σ² is the population variance Standard Deviation. Get help with your Standard deviation homework. Access the answers to hundreds of Standard deviation questions that are explained in a way that's easy for you to understand An introduction to Standard Deviation with an example, worksheet and an interpretation exercise. This has been made with the aim to prepare students to be able to calculate and interpret Standard Deviation for their coursework

Standard deviation Function in python pandas is used to calculate standard deviation of a given set of numbers, Standard deviation of a data frame, Standard deviation of column or column wise standard deviation in pandas and Standard deviation of rows, let's see an example of each Residual Standard Deviation: The residual standard deviation is a statistical term used to describe the standard deviation of points formed around a linear function, and is an estimate of the. Calculate the standard deviation of data presented in the following table: Merits of Standard Deviation: 1. Standard deviation is mathematically computed and reliable. Therefore it is used in quality research work. 2. It is based on every individual data of a series. 3. It is least affected by sudden deviations of any type. 4 Type in the standard deviation formula. The formula you'll type into the empty cell is =STDEV.P( ) where P stands for Population. Population standard deviation takes into account all of your data points (N). If you want to find the Sample standard deviation, you'll instead type in =STDEV.S( ) here

Z * sqrt((Average LT*(Demand Standard Deviation) squared + (Average Sales * Lead Time Standard Deviation) squared) This formula is incredibly useful when there is a great deal of uncertainty. It factors in both lead time uncertainty and sales uncertainty. For businesses operating with these unstable factors, safety stock is extremely important Second Moment Formula. The second moment about the mean is the sum of each value's squared deviation from the mean, divided by the number of values. This is the same formula as the one you probably know as variance (σ 2). Variance is standard deviation (σ) squared In many cases, standard deviation is calculated as well. Therefore, though this formula is important, it's often unnecessary to keep it in your memory. Step 2. Now we need to perform the (x - x̅) 2 function. On a computer, this is easy. With drag and drop formulas and copy and paste functions there is no need to write everything out

### Standard deviation - Simple English Wikipedia, the free

The standard deviation is kind of the mean of the mean, and often can help you find the story behind the data. The SD is a statistic that tells you how tightly all the various examples are clustered around the mean in a set of data. When the exa.. The Following C program to Calculate Standard Deviation, Ready to execute code with clean output, in easy way with simple steps. In statistics, standard deviation is used to measure deviation of data from its mean. The formula for calculating standard deviation of n items is. The algorithm for calculating the standard deviation is as follows

### Standard deviation - Wikipedi

• ators, while VAR and STDEV have n-1
• Standard Deviation Formula. The standard deviation formula is similar to the variance formula. It is given by: σ = standard deviation. X i = each value of dataset. x̄ ( = the arithmetic mean of the data (This symbol will be indicated as the mean from now). N = the total number of data point
• The mean absolute deviation is a way to measure the dispersion for a set of data values. A low value for the mean absolute deviation is an indication that the data values are concentrated closely together. A high value for the mean absolute deviation is an indication that the data values are more spread out. The formula to calculate the mean absolute deviation is as follows
• Mean deviation formula is given here in terms of mean, median & mode. Also, get the MD formula for frequency distribution and for population data at BYJU'S
• Practice calculating sample standard deviation If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked

### Standard Deviation Formula For Population and Sampl

The standard deviation is also listed by investment firms for their mutual funds and other various products. When a significant dispersion is evident, it means that the stock's return is not sticking to expectations. The standard deviation is a very simple statistic to understand; therefore, it is commonly reported to investors and end clients I am trying to figure out a standard deviation formula in A1 for a set of values (B1:F1) but I want to figure the standard deviation that would exclude the Highest value and the lowest value. I have the standard deviation for the set of (B1:F1) but I also want to compare to the standard deviation excluding the highest and lowest If A is a vector of observations, then the standard deviation is a scalar.. If A is a matrix whose columns are random variables and whose rows are observations, then S is a row vector containing the standard deviations corresponding to each column.. If A is a multidimensional array, then std(A) operates along the first array dimension whose size does not equal 1, treating the elements as vectors

To find standard deviation, you must take the average of the numbers in column four, then take the square root. This example is actually population standard deviation. To find sample standard deviation you would divide by 13 when finding the average in column four instead of 14 (number of games he played) Portfolio Standard Deviation=10.48%. With a weighted portfolio standard deviation of 10.48, you can expect your return to be 10 points higher or lower than the average when you hold these two investments. Now, we can compare the portfolio standard deviation of 10.48 to that of the two funds, 11.4 & 8.94 For example, what is the standard deviation of the returns (H8:H10000) every time the Z-Score (G8:G10000) is greater than 2 but less than 2.25. I am not sure how to go about this given that there is no Standard Deviation IF formula

### Standard Deviation in Excel - Easy Excel Tutoria

• The formula is: Standard deviation(σ)= √(∑fD²)/N) Here, D= Deviation of an item relative to the mean calculated as, D= Xi - Mean. f= Frequencies corresponding to the observations. N= The summation of frequency. Another Approach for Standard Deviation
• Standard deviation is a measure of the spread of data around the mean value. It is used in comparisons of consistency between different data sets. Two formulae can be used to calculate this
• Simple Example. The random variable X is given by the following PDF. Check that this is a valid PDF and calculate the standard deviation of X.. Solution Part 1. To verify that f(x) is a valid PDF, we must check that it is everywhere nonnegative and that it integrates to 1.. We see that 2(1-x) = 2 - 2x ≥ 0 precisely when x ≤ 1; thus f(x) is everywhere nonnegative

### Standard Deviation Formula - Sample And Population Statistic

1. Oddly, the population standard deviation formula does not seem to exist in SPSS.. Standard Deviation - Sample Formula. Now for something challenging: if your data are (approximately) a simple random sample from some (much) larger population, then the previous formula will systematically underestimate the standard deviation in this population. An unbiased estimator for the population standard.
2. ute between 6pm and 7pm
3. ator. To whuber: unusual does not mean incorrect. \$\endgroup\$ - user56382 Sep 24 '14 at 18:1
4. The STDEV function calculates the standard deviation for a sample set of data. Standard deviation measures how much variance there is in a set of numbers compared to the average (mean) of the numbers. The STDEV function is meant to estimate standard deviation in a sample. If data represents an entire population, use the STDEVP function. In the.
5. Z-score calculator, p-value from z-table, left tail, right tail, two tail, formulas, work with steps, step by step calculation, real world and practice problems to learn how to find standard score for any raw value of X in the normal distribution.It also shows how to calculate the p-value from the z-table to find the probability of X in the normal distribution

Find the population standard deviation for the data set: {75,80,90,95,75,85,55,80,90,95} Using the data from number 1, find the coefficient of variation. Write your answer as a percent (%) Round your answer to the nearest 10th In this video you are shown what standard deviation is and how to work it out by way of two formulas. Standard deviation from frequency tables In this video you are shown how to calculate the standard deviation from a frequency table for discrete and continuous data

Standard Deviation Problems Exercise 1Find the standard deviation for the following data series: 12, 6, 7, 3, 15, 10, 18, 5. Exercise 2Find the standard deviation for. The standard deviation of an observation variable is the square root of its variance.. Problem. Find the standard deviation of the eruption duration in the data set faithful.. Solution. We apply the sd function to compute the standard deviation of eruptions So the standard deviation for the temperatures recorded is 4.9; the variance is 23.7. Note that the values in the second example were much closer to the mean than those in the first example. This resulted in a smaller standard deviation. We can write the formula for the standard deviation as s = √⅀(������������ − ������̅) 2 ������−1 wher If the standard deviation is less, then the claim of the country may really be credible because of the low difference in the individual salaries from the mean salary. A thumb rule of standard deviation is that generally 68% of the data values will always lie within one standard deviation of the mean, 95% within two standard deviations and 99.7% within three standard deviations of the mean The answer is the population standard deviation. The formula is only true if the eight numbers we started with are the whole group. If they are only a part of the group picked at random, then we should use 7 (which is n − 1) instead of 8 (which is n) in the bottom (denominator) of the second-to-last step

### Standard Deviation Calculator - Easycalculation

Standard Deviation. Standard Deviation (often abbreviated as Std Dev or SD) provides an indication of how far the individual responses to a question vary or deviate from the mean. SD tells the researcher how spread out the responses are -- are they concentrated around the mean, or scattered far & wide In summary, standard deviation cannot be calculated without first finding the variance of a set of data, and variance is then used to discover the standard deviation. The steps to find each figure are similar, but standard deviation is used more often in the real world, such as for populations, versus variance, which is most useful for other statistical formulas and the finance world

### Standard deviation: calculating step by step (article

ADVERTISEMENTS: Read this article to learn how to Calculate Standard Deviation in 3 different Series! A. Individual Series: Deviation can be taken from Actual Mean and following formula is used. B. Discrete-Series: Here also the deviations can be taken from Actual or Assumed Mean. From Actual Mean: S.D.=√∑fx2/N ADVERTISEMENTS: Where x2 is the square of [ These standard deviation problems will help you understand better the meaning of standard deviation and how it is related to the mean. basic-mathematics.com. Formula for percentage. Finding the average. Basic math formulas Algebra word problems. Types of angles. Area of irregular shapes Math problem solver ### How to Calculate Standard Deviation - YouTub

1. Solution: The first part of the empirical rule states that 68% of the data values will fall within 1 standard deviation of the mean. To calculate within 1 standard deviation, you need to subtract 1 standard deviation from the mean, then add 1 standard deviation to the mean
2. ator instead of N-1. Suffice it to say that in most contexts, regardless of the purpose of your data analysis, computer programs will print the result from the sample sd
3. In combination with the mean, the standard deviation can tell you how old most of the tigers are. For example, if the mean is 8 and the standard deviation is 4, the majority of the tigers in the zoo are between 4 years (8 - 4) and 12 years (8 + 4). Microsoft Excel has special functions for working out standard deviation of a sample and population
4. Statistics - Standard Deviation of Discrete Data Series - When data is given alongwith their frequencies. Following is an example of discrete series
5. The standard deviation is given by the formula: s means 'standard deviation'. S means 'the sum of'. means 'the mean' Example. Find the standard deviation of 4, 9, 11, 12, 17, 5, 8, 12, 14 First work out the mean: 10.222 Now, subtract the mean individually from each of the numbers given and square the result

### How to Calculate Standard Deviation? Step by Step with Exampl

@alpha189 Enter the formula this way. Select only E2. Put the formula in the formula bar. Hit Ctrl-Shift-Enter instead of Enter when exiting Edit mode, Excel should put {} around the formula if done correctly. When you have the {} around the formula. Drag/copy the formula down. This is an array formula and must be entered properly Standard deviation can also be used to compare different samples which, although they have similar means, actually have values which may be clustered/dispersed in different ways. The standard deviation is calculated using the formula above where: x(i) is each value in the sample x is the mean n is the number of values in the sampl

How To Calculate Standard Deviation In Excel. Regardless why you may need to calculate the standard deviation of a dataset, Excel makes it extremely easy to do so. There are two forms of standard deviation you can calculate in Excel. Sample standard deviation: Uses a single dataset from a sample of a larger population Standard deviation is simply the square root of the variance. Therefore, it does not matter if you use the computational formula or the conceptual formula to compute variance. For our sample data set, our variance came out to be 5.56, regardless of the formula used

The standard deviation formula is very simple: it is the square root of the variance. It is the most commonly used measure of spread. An important attribute of the standard deviation as a measure of spread is that if the mean and standard deviation of a normal distribution are known, it is possible to compute the percentile rank associated with any given score this formula reduces to the Brenner-Subrahmanyam formula exactly. 2. Quadratic approximations A simple, accurate formula to compute implied standard deviations can be obtained from an appropriate quadratic approximation. Following the method employed by Brenner and Subrahmanyam, we make use of this expansion of th As we have learned, the formula to find the standard deviation is the square root of the variance: √ 1432.25 = 37.85 Or, as in the example from before, use the NumPy to calculate the standard deviation  ### Standard Deviation and Variance - MAT

That's awkward. I would extract the numbers in the range to a contiguous range of cells. I put this in W34 and dragged down and got all these numbers in W34 to W 40 but you can put the formula anywhere =INDIRECT(ADDRESS(62,(ROW(A2)-1)*2+10) The Pooled Standard Deviation is a weighted average of standard deviations for two or more groups, with more weight given to larger sample sizes. sd_pooled Ignored if x is a formula. data: An optional data frame containing the variables. Value. Numeric, the pooled standard deviation. See also. cohens_d() Examples The formulas for standard deviation are shown below, where n equals the number of items in the data set and Xi represents each value in the data set. Finding the Standard Deviation - An Example The formula is as follows: (S x 100)/x = relative standard deviation. In this problem, S is equal to 5 (the standard deviation) and x is equal to 27 (the mean). So, 5 multiplied by 100 equals 500. 500 divided by 27 equals 18.5. This means that the relative standard deviation for the sample is 18.5 Portfolio standard deviation is the standard deviation of a portfolio of investments. It is a measure of total risk of the portfolio and an important input in calculation of Sharpe ratio. One of the most basic principles of finance is that diversification leads to a reduction in risk unless there is a perfect correlation between the returns on the portfolio investments

### Sample Standard Deviation Example Proble

Note that this is similar to the standard deviation formula, but has an N - 2 in the denominator instead of N - 1 in case of sample standard deviation. Check out our quiz-page with tests about: Psychology 10 I'm trying to calculate standard deviation & variance. My code loads a file of 100 integers and puts them into an array, counts them, calculates the mean, However, I used just numPoints because it was in line with the formula posted by the OP. But thanks again for clarifying. - Ahmed Akhtar Sep 28 '19 at 5:1  • Fiona fitzpatrick instagram.
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